Grumman Canoes Address: Dept. SA, PO. Box 549, Marathon, NY 13803; 607/849-3211. Model: 1550C. Length: 15′. Width: 35 1/16″. Depth: 12 1/8″. Holl Design: Flat bottom with keel. Material: 0.050″ aluminum. Weight: 69 lbs. SRP:…Read More
Today we will help you to better understand some basic terms in skateboarding. In the case, you are currently looking for some specific types of skateboard, especially the Mini Cruiser Skateboard, you can visit the website topsportsbrands.com for more information.
1. Land: When you perform certain technique successful.
2. Tricks: The technique.
3. Bail: When you do not succeed the certain technique.
4. Pop: Perform tricks sound beating to the ground tail plank.
5. Sketchy: When you land the trick, but not strong, was slightly reckless with the strokes.
6. Clean: When you land tricks in the most accurate way.
7. Talk shit: when you do not skate but hang out with friends.
8. Crack: That’s when your skateboard has the broken phenomenon.
9. Crash: That’s when your skateboard really broken.
10. Sick: Or six is pronounced pretty much the same, meaning incredible.
11. Steezy: how to say when you make a successful one design technique that somehow you very gently.
12. Primo: Land on the edge of the plank.
All skaters in the world should know the concept of uniformity in naming the Tricks. Here is a summary of the main concepts and the most important of which every skaters need to know:
1. Air: jump out of the Ramp 1.
2. Axle Stall: For this trick when it stood with both 2-axis 1 Truck on the edge of the Ramp or Coping then slide down the front.
3. Backside: With this concept that the back of skaters rotate the direction of travel.
4. Bail / Slam: 1 Shot “Bail” is the first trick but not the people are still enough control to finish trick while first single “Slam” is known as one actually fall.
5. Bank: All types should be used to cross the skate.
6. Blindside: 1 stage that people flying overhead cannot see myself going to fly. Eg to Fakie Ollie backside.
7. Bluntside: For a “slide” is only 2 wheels on the sliding surface of the first obstacles. “Tail” or “Nose” touch the edge of the chute just to locate it.
8. Boardslide: 1 trick where the underside of the board between 2 DC axial slide sliding along the material, for instance on the “Rail”.
9. Caballerial / Half Cab: is a term in the skateboarding only 360 ° rotation from the back of the (Fakie). For “Half Cab” people just turned 180 ° only. Steve Caballero is the creator of this trick.
10. Catch: keep the foot board in the first trick “Flip”.
11. Contest: Contest skateboard. There are two contest categories, “Street Contest” and “Vert Contest”. In ancient times there is one more category is “Flatland Contest”.
12. Crocked Grind: Like “Nosegrind”, people slip front axle but cross CHEC board located, has been rotated almost “Noseslide”. The name of the location being labeled as “bending” of the shaft.
13. Curb / Ledge: This concept describes all kinds of, edges made of concrete DC, metal or wood that would be suitable for “Slide” and “Grind” DC. Eg stairs, into the banks of flowers.
14. Curbcut: Stemming from the success of the first cross pedestrian stairs with walkway out. In skate park is one concept for cross 2 surface (Bank) located opposite each other – one can jump from one to the other ones.
15. Disaster: is a term for the type of skateboarding just landed the first coping with the middle part of the board Ramp. The concept should be used only when the truck after DC rotate upwards of Ramp ground to stand, so people can slide down the same way with the usual sliding direction.
16. Downhill: The simplest method that can bring joy to skateboard. One slip, from 1 piece “Mountain” scale down, as the name says. “Downhill” is also known for one genre classic skateboard competition that one must slide on 1 Hovers distance.
17. Drop-in: 1 in terms of skateboarding only downward movements Ramp Tail comes from.
18. Fakie: The direction is reversed from the usual.
19. Grind feeble: 1 blend of “Slide” and “Grind”. Rear axle front axle grind while “hanging over” into, the edge of the Rail and Curb.
Early on, usually pre-schoolers used to ride a try cycle and after decent growth, they were given balance bike, click here to read best balance bike reviews. Later on, pedal bike was also given to allow them the ultimate freedom of riding through paddling a bike. This was a matter of changing 2 to 3 vehicles during a kid’s 2 to 6 years of age. The change of different types of bikes also associates with different expenditures which really sum up a decent amount. So it was all about spending more money for letting your child ride a bike.
But modern design and technology have evolved a lot and special thank goes to Yvolution Flippa because of developing Yvolution Y Velo Flippa Tricycle and Balance Bike. In fact, this is a pedal bike too. Now the necessity for buying 2 to 3 bikes according to children’s different ages has been lessened as this is a 2 in 1 trike and balance bike. Though it is called by 2 in 1, but if anybody calls it as 3 in 1, then there will be no issue as it can be converted from tricycle to balance bike to pedal bike.
Normally the bike comes as a tricycle which can be ridden without any risk of falling as this has 3 wheels that make a well-balanced situation. There is a remarkable process of attaching the back 2 wheels into 1 and thus converting into a balance bike. Many of you may say that it is a pedal bike instead of a balance bike as always there are pedals, but you have to look at the position of the pedals.
Look at the picture of the convertible bike and see that the pedals are with the first wheel that means if your kids stretch their legs and place the feet on the ground, there is no chance of friction with the pedals. It is really an advantage to ride as a balance bike while in need for gaining balance. If your child needs to ride the bike as a pedal bike, then he or she has the freedom to do so as the pedals are always there to paddle. After being a balanced rider, your child will not have to go for another option to buy a pedal bike.
This is an adjustable bike that can be changed in different ways. The seat’s height can be taken up or down as per the need of the rider.
We have talked a lot about the advantages and features of the bike, now come to the look of the bike. The look in one word is awesome. The finish and aesthetic color are well enough to dazzle a child as well as an adult too.
Finally, the growing demand for having a bike for a kid has been increased in recent years. It was always a matter of changing and spending 2 to 3 times during 2 to 5 years of a kid’s early age, but as the Yvolution Y Velo Flippa has developed a revolutionary design, now it is very comfortable to satisfy your children with 1 bike.
Many first-time parents wonder when would be most appropriate to take a baby out for a walk, after returning home from hospital. In fact, within only a few weeks of age, mother could take her baby for a walk together.
Many people do not dare to get infants out due to the fear of contamination in the air, not having time, not knowing how to care the baby … However, time for walking according to a timetable is not only beneficial to the health of newborn baby, that also very useful for your spirit.
When should take the baby out for a walk?
Just a few weeks after birth, you can take your baby out. Children of all ages need natural vitamins and enjoy the health benefits from the sun. Hanging out is also a good way to deal with the early stages of jaundice.
What is most important when taking the baby out?
It is when the climate is sunny and beautiful. However, you need to make sure that the stroller has a cover and both mother and baby are always in the shade, not exposed to sunlight directly. With this site: babykidworld.com/best-lightweight-stroller like a recommendation for any new parents could easily choose their own good baby stroller for your baby. What is important, let stay away from crowded places, there are people who might have cough, sneeze, … or where space is polluted as well as dirty.
What to wear for the baby when going out for the first time?
Make sure the outfit of your baby is appropriate for the weather outside. You should wear your baby like the way you dress when going out with your baby. If you need gloves and socks so your baby is also in need of those stuffs.
Should I take your baby out when the weather is slightly windy ?
Yes, instead of being bound in the narrow ranges of the house, you could bring your baby out in order to breathe the fresh air, even if it is only slightly windy. Just make sure that the children are properly protected in the right way, especially for hands and face, where the skin is still very sensitive and prone to crack the most.
Here are some tips when walking around with newborn baby :
- You should walk with your baby around the neighborhood which is safe. You should learn the local parks, shops, cafes and places nearby as well as places that there are other mothers who often walk with their children.
- Always check weather reports before the walk with your baby, never let you and your baby two meet the rain.
- When being a mother the first time, you would be much surprised, but then you would gradually recognize the mood of your baby to know which time is appropriate for a walk. The baby may just need 10 minutes walking after breakfast or sunset is also the most appropriate time.
- Always bring along the necessary belongings when “packed” the stroller. Bring everything that your baby needs, such as diapers, prepared milk bottles (if your baby is bottle-feeding), reserved clothes and hat to prevent when your baby gets dirty, … You could also bring along snacks for you, a book to read while you are sitting under the trees in the park.
And above all, if you could go out with your baby regularly, you would have the opportunity to handle all things that an experienced and resourceful mother would go through.
Don’t trust the Internet over your doctor.
Again, I’m not saying doctors are infallible, or that they shouldn’t be open to new ideas. But before you ditch advice or treatments that a pediatrician gave you based on your child’s specific situation, discuss what you’d like to try with her to be sure it makes sense and–more important–isn’t dangerous. If your doctor doesn’t agree with an approach you’ve discovered on the web and you feel strongly that you want to try it, get a second opinion. If both doctors are discouraging, well, there’s probably a good reason.
Do let your doctor know you’re using the Internet.
She may suggest some especially helpful sites, anticipate questions you might have, and help you be sure you’re using the right words and terms when you search.
Do talk to your doctor about what you read.
It’s the best way to figure out what does apply to you, to make sure you understand what you’ve read, and to see if there are ways you and your doctor can use what you’ve learned.
Do use websites from reputable sources.
Look for ones created and maintained by national professional organizations, such as the American Academy of Pediatrics (aap.org) and the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (aaaai.org). Check for “academy” or “American Academy” in the site name–not that there aren’t impostors, but it’s a good way to start. The National Institutes of Health (nih.gov) and the National Library of Medicine (nlm.nih.gov) have good information and lots of links to reliable sites (that’s where I begin my searches).
Two other sites I recommend for family health information:
Run by the Nemours Foundation, it has separate sections aimed at parents, kids, and teens. The information is comprehensive, accurate, and extremely user-friendly.
Okay, I write for this one, but it really is good! All content is created by Harvard Medical School faculty, and it covers babies up to seniors. You’ll find news briefs, quizzes, message boards, and other easy-to-use tools.
Do look for information meant for patients.
Many of the “academy” sites have areas specifically geared to health professionals. While the information can be useful, it also can be very technical. Most sites created by professional organizations have sections written in plain English rather than medicalese; they’re usually labeled clearly with a title like “Patients/Consumers” or “Parenting Corner.”
Do be a savvy consumer.
If the site seems to be pushing a particular product or therapy (or is trying to sell you one), the information should be taken with a grain of salt.
Do be wary of personal websites.
While learning about and from another family’s experience can be useful, what happened to them may not apply to you. The surgery, diet, or medication that transformed their child might not be a good idea at all for yours. It also can be impossible to know if information found on personal websites is accurate or true.
Keep your doctor and a healthy dose of skepticism in mind when you read medical advice on the web, and you’ll be able to handle any family health crisis with confidence.
WHEN TO CALL THE DOCTOR
Symptoms that should always send you to the phone (no matter the hour)-never to the Internet:
* Trouble breathing
* Any severe pain
* High fever (more than 102)
* Persistent vomiting or diarrhea (more than two or three times in a row)
* Excessive sleepiness or irritability
* A cut that gapes open or doesn’t stop bleeding within a few minutes
* Any bad bump to the head
* Also: if your child swallows adult medications, cleaning supplies, or anything else that may be poisonous or dangerous.
Part 1: http://www.ftruckercsc.com/archives/58
When is it okay to look for advice online–and when should you call the doctor? A pediatrician (and mom) has the answers.
I hear “I read on the Internet…” a lot on my voicemail. And when I do, I look for my earliest open appointment–because when parents look things up online, they often wind up scared, not informed.
Take the anxious parents who came into my office recently with their 2-month-old. “It’s her right eye,” her mom said. “It’s different from the left one. We looked it up on the Internet, and we think she has ptosis!”
Ptosis, or a droopy eyelid, can be associated with nerve and brain problems–something I’d never suspected this baby of having. Had I missed something? I looked her over carefully. “She doesn’t have ptosis,” I told them. “Her eyes just aren’t symmetrical, and that’s totally normal.”
But I couldn’t convince them. They decided to consult with an ophthalmologist, who confirmed that the baby was fine. Their foray onto the Internet had cost them weeks of angst and a pricey specialist visit–all unnecessary.
I’m not saying the web can’t be a great resource–it can be. I can’t always spend as much time as I’d like explaining things to patients; a good site can help with that, and answer questions that come up after they leave my office.
There’s also a lot of useful health and safety information on the web, from the most up-to-date car-seat installation recommendations and toy recalls to food-allergy information you can print out and give to your daycare provider and tips on getting lice out of hair. Online message boards and disease-support websites can be invaluable when it comes to connecting families who are going through the same health crises.
But as a doctor, I know how to pick out the reliable info from what’s untrue. Without medical training, that’s hard to do. And there’s enough misinformation out there to drive you crazy. Here’s what to know so you can surf safely and effectively.
Don’t use the Internet to diagnose yourself or your child.
That’s what doctors study and practice for years to be able to do. If you have concerns about your child, call your pediatrician first.
I understand the temptation to Google a symptom or to take one of those online health quizzes; it’s easy, and unlike your doctor, the Internet’s always available (and you never have to worry about waking it up). But there are two problems:
* The Internet can’t examine your child.
Let’s say your baby’s breathing sounds a little funny. What do you enter into that search engine: “wheezing” or “nasal congestion”? Your results will be really different depending on which you pick–and both could lead you down scary roads that may have nothing to do with your kid’s problem. Without a doctor to check out your child, it’s hard to say whether she has congestion or wheezing (or croup or pneumonia).
* The Internet can’t take a history, which is what doctors do when we ask questions to understand what’s going on. Say your son has been having headaches. Type “headache” into Google and a dizzying array of sites come up, with an even more dizzying range of possible causes, from tension to a brain tumor(!)–without much to help you sort them out.
Don’t believe everything you read.
Some advice is biased. Some information is obsolete–new discoveries are made every day. Some is plain wrong. (Having an “M.D.” after your name doesn’t always make you right!)
Don’t panic if you read something that scares you.
It may not be true. It may not apply to you. It may be so rare that it doesn’t warrant concern, let alone panic. Call your doctor; she can reassure you.
Part 2: http://www.ftruckercsc.com/archives/61
Address: Dept. SA, 58 Middle St., Old Town, ME 04468; 207/827-5513. Model: Discovery 160K. Length: 16′. Width: 37″ at 4″ waterline. Depth: 15 Y2″. Hull Design: Shallow arch with chines and keel. Material: Cross Link 3 Polyetheylene. Weight: 84 lbs. SRP: $799 with center seat and rowing setup; $749 with center carry yoke.
Comments: The Discovery 160K makes a durable, stable, comfortable, reasonably maneuverable craft, especially on larger ponds and flat livers. The unusual,bull design features full-length stabilizing chines (hull projections) added to a wide beam to provide exceptional secondary stability, especially good in rough water. On flat water or under normal loads the chines ride out of the water to enhance maneuverability. However, this is not a canoe for fast-flowing water. The 160K is more than stable enough to ride comfortably with a side-mount outboard and should row like a driftboat.
Other Noteworthy Models: The Old Town Tripper 17-foot Royalex is an exceptional all-around canoe that will do anything a sportsman asks of it, easily handling moderate whitewater; paddling straight and true on the local lake, or hauling heavy loads of gear or game.
Address: Dept. SA, RO. Box 130, Callander, Ontario, Canada POH 1HO; 705/752-3660. Model: 14′ pointed. length: 13’6″. Width: 38″. Depth: 13′. Hull Design: Flat bottom with sponsors, full-length keel. Material: 5052 marine aluminum. Weight: 41 lbs. SRP: $600 U.S. with paddles and motor mount).
Comments: The Radisson offers the maintenance-free durability of an aluminum craft, yet solves the problems of noise and cold with a closed-cell foam liner. Foam sponsors add secondary stability to the high initial stability of the flat-bottom design. Full keel helps straight-line tracking, while the basic short/wide design makes maneuvering easy.
Other Noteworthy Models: The 16-foot pointed has 3 keels, paddles more easily and carries more gear, with all the features of the 14.
Address: Dept. SA, PO. Box 247, Winona, MN 55987; 507/454-5430. Model: Spirit II. Length: 17′. Width: 34 3/4″ at waterline. Depth: 14″. Hull Design: Shallow arch. Material: Fiberglass Kevlar over structural foam. Weight: 43 to 66 lbs., depending on materials and construction. SRP: $895 (fiberglass) to $1750 (ultra-light Kevlar).
Comments: Built primarily for touring, the Spirit has the makings of a great all-around canoe for sportsmen. Wide enough for good stability; long enough to paddle efficiently; fast, quiet and tough, the Spirit is at home on flat rivers, lakes and ponds, and will handle a rocky, fast section of river with ease.
Other Noteworthy Models: The short, wide Fisherman is. a very stable and maneuverable canoe, but has neither the capacity nor the paddling ease of the Spirit.
RELATED ARTICLE: Guide To Hull Shape
The shape of the hull is just as important as length and width in determining how stable a canoe is, how fast it will turn, and how easy it is to paddle. The best all-around canoes are double-ended rather than square-stern, because it’s easier to sidemount a small motor on a double-ended canoe than it is to paddle a square-stern. To paddle an unloaded canoe solo, it’s often best to sit in the bow scat and paddle backward, which isn’t possible in a square-stern.
When you look at bull design, you are also looking at the shape of the keel line–called rocker–and the lateral cross section at the canoe’s widest point.
Rocker. The curve or straightness of the keel line determines how quickly a canoe mill turn. A boat math no rocker (a straight keel line) is hard to turn quickly. Conversely, extreme rocker makes a boat ultra maneuverable, great for running rocky rivers, and impossible to keep tracking straight as you paddle across a pond in a breeze. Slight to moderate rocker is a compromise.
Cross section, The shape of a canoe bottom will affect how it tracks and how stable it is. There are two types of stability: initial stability is how much the canoe resists starting to tip; secondary stability is how much it resists tipping all the way over after it has begun to tip.
Four basic hull shapes dominate canoe design: A flat bottom has high initial stability and, especially in rough water, low secondary stability. In other words, it feels stable on a pond, but is more likely to tip over in waves. Add a keel (a raised strip) to a flat-bottom canoe and it will track extremely well on flat water, but be harder to turn. A Pound bottom has the least initial stability, good secondary stability, and is most common in highly specialized canoes.
Shallow-V and Shallow-arch hulls are modifications that produce acceptable initial stability and great secondary stability, especially in rough water. The shallow-V hull functions like a keel to keep the canoe tracking straight yet can be rolled slightly on its side for faster turning.
The sides of the canoe can flare outward, which helps keep water out but makes effective paddling more difficult. They can also turn inward, called tumblehome, which makes paddling easier. Straight sides are a compromise. Some canoes have flared sides in the middle, straight sides or tumblehome where the paddlers sit.
The final component of cross section is depth. A deeper canoe carries more, and keeps out water better, but those high sides add weight and act as a sail in wind.
Address: Dept. SA, RRI, Box 163B, Limerick, ME 04048; 207/793-2005. Model: The Wide One. Length: 14′. Width: 42″. Depth: 13″. Hull Design: Shallow V with small keel. Material: Hand-laid fiberglass cloth. Weight: 65 lbs. Suggested Retail Price: $630.
Comments: Featuring a wide, stable casting or shooting platform, this canoe’s small keel helps it track straighter. A slight rocker aids maneuverability. Not a canoe for long-distance paddling.
Other Noteworthy Models: The V-hull Mirage has more length and less beam for easier paddling, yet still has plenty of stability for hunting and fishing.
Address: Dept. SA, 3600 N. Hydraulic, Wichita, KS 67219; 316/261-3’276, Model: 5955-723. Length: i5,’. Width: 36″. Depth: 14″. Hull Design: Shallow arch with keel. Material: Polyethylene. Weight: 78 lbs. SRP: 349,
Comments: One of the most popular canoes of all time, the Coleman 15 is versatile, tough and inexpensive. With new molded spats and a new handle design, TIN Coleman is now more comfortable and easier to assemble. The flexibility of the Ram-X polyethylene huh is a plus if you hit. a rock, but detracts from paddling performance–a lot of energy is wasted in flexing the hull rather than propelling the canoe forward. Still, the Coleman 15 is a heavy, solid, basic canoe, and the price is right.
Other Noteworthy Models: while the 17-foot Coleman will carry more people and gear, the 16-foot Gold Medalist is a better performer on moving water.
Address: Dept. SA, RO. Box 1500, Harriman, TN 37748; 423/882-0404. Model: Legend. Length: 16′. Width: 33 1/2″ at 4″ waterline. Depth: 14 1/2″. Hull Design: shallow arch. Material: ABS Royalex. Weight: 70 to 76 lbs. SRP: $1295 with wood trim; $1085 math vinyl thin.
Comments: Spacious for a 16-footer, the Legend is stable, fast and maneuverable, well suited for fishing, hunting, and paddling on rivers, ponds and lakes. The durable Royalex hull is quiet and comfortable even on waves and moving water. A nice all-around canoe for sportsmen and their families.
Other Noteworthy Models: The Venture 17 is a big, rugged, uncompromising canoe for serious wilderness tripping.
Address: Dept. SA, 64 Worcester Providence Tpke., Rte. 146, Sutton, MA 01590; 508/865-0010. Model: LeVoyageur. Length: 14′. Width: 37 1/2″. Depth: 12 3/4″. Hull Design: shallow arch with keel. Material: wood/fiberglass. Weight: 49 lbs. SHP: 1349.
Comments: A good-looking, functional canoe with more than enough room for two sportsmen and all of their gear. Good all-around performance on lakes, ponds and rivers; tracks well with moderate keel.
Other Noteworthy Models: The Adirondack Sportsman (14 feet) and Great Canadian (15 feet and 16 feet 2 inches) are solid-performing, reasonably priced, all-around fiberglass craft.
An in-depth guide to the varieties of canoes and the usages and advantages of their respective designs is presented. Canoes are designed and built with a specific purpose in mind, and these factors should be considered before purchase. An analysis of 11 different canoe designs is included.
A CANOE IS a ticket to a better world. Inexpensive to buy, use and maintain, and easy to transport and store, this craft will quietly take you and your gear to unspoiled scenery, uneducated fish and undisturbed game.
Which model is right for your specific needs? Much depends on design. You can now buy hulls made specifically for whitewater; for speed on lakes and ponds; or to be motor powered.
But be careful. There are drawbacks to specialization. A friend once called me, all excited: He’d found a 10-foot solo canoe that weighed only 22 pounds. It was going to get him to brook trout in backcountry beaver ponds. A few weeks later, I asked him about it. “Sold it!” he replied. “The thing was so tippy it rolled over if you had your hair parted on the side.”
Fortunately, manufacturers still make all-around canoes that will ease you down a river to bass and trout in spring; float the family on a lake all summer; sneak you and a buddy to hidden mallards; and haul your deer back to your car in fall. That’s a sportsman’s canoe!
A canoe’s length, width and hull shape affect how easily it paddles and maneuvers, how much it can carry, and how stable it is; in other words, how it performs for fishing and hunting.
Length And Width
The rules for length are simple: A shorter canoe is generally lighter and carries and maneuvers more easily; a longer canoe paddles faster in a straight line and can hold more people and gear. Length being equal, a wider canoe is more stable and carries more, but is harder to paddle.
The best sportsman’s canoes are generally between 13 and 17 feet long, with a width measurement, at the four-inch waterline, of between 33 and 39 inches. Those parameters give you literally dozens of canoes from which to choose.
Paddles come in two styles, straight shaft and bent shaft, and in a variety of materials, including solid wood, laminated wood, metal and plastic. While the bent shaft is more efficient, the straight shaft is more versatile. Metals and plastics are virtually trouble-free, but the laminated wood paddles are nicer to look at and use.
Anchors are a necessity. An eight-pound mushroom anchor works well with most canoes. When anchoring in wind or current, have the anchor rope pull straight off the point of the bow or stern; otherwise, the current will hit the side of the canoe. Mad River makes a clamp-on anchor outrigger that controls the anchor rope, and locks it for one-hand operation.
Portage yokes, which let you carry a canoe comfortably on your shoulders; should be standard equipment. Most manufacturers offer several options, padded yokes being most comfortable.
Motor mounts for electric or small gas motors make canoes more versatile. Most manufacturers offer models that work with their canoes. Old Town and Mad River offer clamp-on mounts that fit most canoes.
Car carrying systems let you cart your canoe down the highway. Foam blocks are inexpensive; most manufacturers offer them.
Off the wind, kite-flying skiffs gain the overall-speed advantage, but by no means are International Canoes slow when the sheets are eased. When a puff hits, the slippery beam-to-length ratio and sharp water release aft result in nearly instantaneous acceleration. The apparent wind spins forward, requiring quick action on the seat, sheets, and helm. Boathandling in gusty conditions while perched out on the thwart is a lesson in anticipation – kind of like being on a seesaw with a friend who’s prone to jumping off.
The Canoe’s sloop-rigged sail plan has matured into an 80-percent-main/20-percent-jib relationship made from tried-and-true Dacron to cutting edge Mylar laminates by a variety of sailmakers. With most of the power in the main, being able to easily control that power is a Canoe sailor’s goal. At his company, Composite Engineering, techno-guru and avid Canoe racer Ted Van Dusen builds the stiff-bottom, flexible-top carbon-composite masts that dominate the class.
In high winds, the top section acts as a release valve for the high-aspect, large-roach mainsail. When a puff hits, it bends to leeward, automatically depowering the sail plan by opening the mainsail leech without the mainsheet being eased. Not having to tweak the mainsheet with every puff is a huge control advantage. Another Canoe standard that first appeared on windsurfers and catamarans are the lightweight, carbon, full-length tubular battens used in the main.
Knowledge gleaned from the Open 60 class has many Canoe sailors using booms attached to the deck just aft of the mast. This configuration transfers outhaul and boomvang loads from the gooseneck and mast to a stronger fitting on the deck. Without the extra reinforcement needed for the gooseneck, the mast has a more uniform bend from deck level up.
Bill Beaver, editor of the class newsletter and a top-level racer, puts his background in fluid dynamics to the test when designing and building his carbon-fiber Canoes. He thrives on experimenting with blade design and carbon-sandwich structures, but like many other class members, he keeps older, inexpensive boats alive in order to attract new sailors. Starter boats range from $1,000 to $3,500, while a composite boat ready for the worlds can require a $15,000 investment, or $6,000 in parts and materials and the time to build it yourself.
The 10-square-meter International Canoe can trace its heritage to the early years of recreational boating. It continues to attract top-level sailors and forward-thinking designers to regattas that are part science fair, part gymnastics meet. Although some class members feel that recent evolution has moved at a glacial pace, the boat will continue to develop. In fact, Canoe sailors in England report that asymmetric spinnakers are a gas.
Ralph Naranjo feeds his speed cravings on a windsurfer, but is fascinated by all fast craft.